Broadcasting in Hong Kong started in 1928 with the establishment
of Radio Hong Kong. Hong Kong has since developed into a broadcasting
hub of the Asia-Pacific region with various types of broadcasting
services targeting local audience and viewers in the Asia
Pacific Region, Europe and Africa. The major milestones in
the broadcasting history of Hong Kong are set out below.
||The first radio station, Radio Hong Kong
(now known as Radio Television Hong Kong) was founded.
||The first licence to operate a wired sound
broadcasting service was granted to Rediffusion (Hong
Kong) Limited (Rediffusion) (now known as Asia Television
||The first licence to operate a wired subscription
television service was granted to Rediffusion. It began
broadcasting in 1958.
||The first commercial wireless sound broadcasting
licence was granted to Hong Kong Commercial Broadcasting
Company Limited (CRHK).
||The first licence to operate a wireless
television broadcasting service was granted to Television
Broadcasts Limited (TVB). The service commenced in 1967.
||Colour television transmission was introduced
for the first time in Hong Kong by TVB.
||The second licence to operate a wireless
television broadcasting service was granted to Rediffusion,
ending its 15-year cable service.
||The third licence to operate a wireless
television broadcasting service was granted to Commercial
Television Limited. The service commenced in 1975 and
ceased operation in 1978.
||The Authority was formed following the
enactment of the Broadcasting Authority Ordinance (Cap.
||The first satellite television uplink and
downlink licence was granted to Hutchvision Hong Kong
Limited (now known as Starvision Hong Kong Limited (Starvision))
to broadcast its five channels of STAR TV satellite TV
service to 53 countries in the Asia-Pacific region.
The second sound broadcasting licence was granted
to Metro Broadcast Corporation Limited (Metro).
||Multi-language programming using the Near
Instantaneous Companded Audio Multiplex (NICAM) system
was introduced in Hong Kong.
||The initial subscription television broadcasting
licence was granted to Wharf Cable Limited (now known
as Hong Kong Cable Television Limited (HKCTV)).
||RTHK voluntarily undertook to comply with
the programme codes issued by the Authority by signing
a Memorandum of Understanding with the Authority and the
then Recreation and Culture Branch.
||The first programme service licence was granted to Hong
Kong Telecom VOD Limited (now known as PCCW Media Limited
(PCCW Media)) to launch the world's first commercial-scale
video-on-demand programme service.
||Public consultation was conducted on the
1998 Review of Television Policy with a view to opening
up the TV market for competition and taking Hong Kong
into the age of convergence.
||STAR TV commenced digital broadcasting
on its satellite TV platform.
||The Television Ordinance (Cap. 52) was
repealed and replaced by the technology-neutral Broadcasting
Ordinance (Cap. 562) following the 1998 Review of Television
Policy. Pay TV market was opened up with four new pay
TV licences granted to Galaxy Satellite Broadcasting Limited
(now known as TVB Pay Vision Limited (TVB Pay Vision)),
Hong Kong Network TV Limited (Network TV), Pacific Digital
Media (HK) Corporation Limited (now known as TV Plus (Hong
Kong) Corp. Limited (TV Plus)) and Yes Television (Hong
Kong) Limited (Yes TV). Network TV surrendered its licence
in 2001 before launching its service.
||HKCTV started to introduce digital broadcasting
on its Microwave Multipoint Distribution System (MMDS)
and Hybrid Fibre Coaxial (HFC) networks.
||Yes TV and TV Plus commenced service.
||PCCW Media was granted a domestic pay television
programme service licence to launch a multi-channel pay
TV service replacing its video-on-demand service.
TVB Pay Vision commenced its domestic
pay television programme service.
||Yes TV and TV Plus surrendered their licences.
||The implementation framework for digital
terrestrial television was promulgated by the Government,
setting the date for introduction of digital terrestrial
television by 2007.
||HKCTV completed digitalization of its network.
The Government conducted a public consultation
on the proposed establishment of a unified regulator
for the entire communications sector, namely Communications
Authority, by merging the Authority and the Telecommunications
||The Government appointed an independent
committee to review the provision of public service broadcasting
(PSB) in Hong Kong.